Which organ in the fish is most similar to the human lungs?

Many fish (not all as a few utilize a similar version to humans) have something called “gills” that acts like lungs for fish, and they often look like an ampitheater of red seats, and are thin layers on top of each other (in this analogy, these seats are blood vessels that allow for the flow of oxygen/carbon dioxide).

What works like lungs in the fish?

Fish gills are organs that allow fish to breathe underwater. Most fish exchange gases like oxygen and carbon dioxide using gills that are protected under gill covers (operculum) on both sides of the pharynx (throat).

What organ in fish evolved into lungs?

Gills were present in the earliest fish, but lungs also evolved pretty early on, potentially from the tissue sac that surrounds the gills. Swim bladders evolved soon after lungs, and are thought to have evolved from lung tissue.

How is a fish respiratory system similar to humans?

Lungs in humans and gills in fish use blood capillaries to remove the oxygen they need and excrete waste carbon dioxide. Fish have adapted to absorb oxygen from the water they filter, whereas humans and insects on land diffuse air which is easier and more efficient.

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Do any fish have lungs?

Usually, fish don’t have lungs, they use gills instead. One of the few exceptions are aptly-named lungfish, which can modify their swim bladder (typically used for buoyancy) to respirate.

Is there a fish with lungs?

Lungfish have a highly specialized respiratory system. … Most extant lungfish species have two lungs, with the exception of the Australian lungfish, which has only one. The lungs of lungfish are homologous to the lungs of tetrapods.

When did fish develop lungs?

They were aquatic and had scales and fleshy fins. However, they also had lungs that they used to breathe oxygen. Between 390 and 360 million years ago, the descendents of these organisms began to live in shallower waters, and eventually moved to land.

Why do some fish have lungs?

With more fish using up the remaining oxygen in the shrinking pool of water, the less oxygen is available underwater for the fish to breathe. Here’s where lungfish have an advantage. Unlike other fish with gills alone, lungfish can surface, take a breath and survive when other fish might be lacking air.

Where are the lungs situated in human body?

The lungs are located on either side of the breastbone in the chest cavity and are divided into five main sections (lobes).

What are the similarities between lungs and gills?

“Their primary purpose is to exchange gases, take oxygen in and release carbon dioxide out of the fish.” Both lungs and gills have a bed of very small blood vessels with thin walls that the gases can easily travel across.

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Which are the respiratory organs in man?

These are the parts:

  • Nose.
  • Mouth.
  • Throat (pharynx)
  • Voice box (larynx)
  • Windpipe (trachea)
  • Large airways (bronchi)
  • Small airways (bronchioles)
  • Lungs.